Covid-19 (Coronavirus disease) is an infectious disease that is caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. What are Covid 19 infection symptoms?
There are mild to moderate respiratory illnesses in most people, infected with the COVID-19 virus, and recover without the need for special treatment. More chances are there to develop serious illness in old aged people and people with underlying medical problems such as chronic respiratory disease, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
Learn/information about coronavirus (Covid 19) the disease this virus causes and how it spread is the best way to prevent and slow down its transmission.
The COVID-19 virus is mainly spread by droplets of saliva or nasal discharge when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it is also important to follow the respiratory protocol (such as coughing at a flexed elbow).
What Are Some Of The Symptoms Of COVID-19?
Different people are affected by Covid-19 (Coronavirus) in different ways. Mild to moderate illnesses are developed In Covid 19 infected people and recover without the need of hospitalization. Covid 19 infection symptoms include:
Common Symptoms Include:
- Dry cough
Less Common Symptoms Include:
- Pain and Aches
- Sore Throat.
- Smell and Taste Loss
- Discoloration of fingers or toes or a rash on the skin
Serious Symptoms Include:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
- Pressure or pain in the chest
- Speech or movement loss
In case you have symptoms of serious nature, seek medical attention immediately. Always call your doctor or health care provider before visiting.
It takes 5 to 6 days on average for a person to show symptoms when he/she is infected with the virus but this can take up to 14 days. Don’t ignore the Covid 19 infection symptoms.
What causes COVID-19?
The coronavirus is a family of viruses that can cause diseases like the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, the cause of an outbreak from China was identified as a novel coronavirus.
Now, this virus is known as (SARS-CoV-2)severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The disease this virus causes is known as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak a pandemic in March 2020.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) like public health groups are continuously monitoring the Covid-19 pandemic and posting updates regarding this disease on their websites. These groups also made recommendations for the prevention and treatment of the disease.
What is the incubation period of the coronavirus disease?
The incubation period is the time between virus transmission and the onset of symptoms. Currently, the incubation period for novel coronavirus after exposure is between 2 and 14 days, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
More than 97 percent of people according to a recent report (1), who come in contact with SARS-CoV-2 (Coronavirus) show symptoms within 11.5 days. The incubation period average appears to be about 5 days. But, this prognosis may change as we learn more about the Covid-19 virus.
For several people, the symptoms of COVID-19 begin as mild symptoms and gradually worsen over several days.
Who Is Most At Risk For COVID-19?
The symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) can vary greatly. There are no symptoms in some people, while others get so sick that they need mechanical help to breathe.
The risk of developing dangerous symptoms of COVID-19 may be increased in the elderly, as well as in people of all ages with heart or lung disease, a weakened immune system, obesity, or other serious health problems such as diabetes. This is similar to what is seen in other respiratory diseases, like influenza.
Although all of these factors may increase the risk of acute COVID-19 symptoms, people with some of these other health problems are at even greater risk.
COVID-19 can be caught by people of all ages, including children. However, it usually affects people of middle-age and the elderly. The risk of developing dangerous symptoms increases with age, and those aged 85 or older have the highest risk of serious symptoms.
About 80 percent of deaths in the US from Covid-19 disease were people aged 65 or over. Older people are at even greater risk when they have other health problems.
Take all medications as prescribed. Consider creating a care plan that includes your medical conditions information, medications, name of the doctor, and emergency contacts.
Higher risk for residents of nursing homes is there because they usually have multiple health problems with advanced age. And germs can easily spread among people who live close to each other. People living in nursing homes should follow the guidelines to prevent infection.
Ask about built-in security measures and visitor restrictions. If you feel unwell, let the staff know.
Old-aged people are also more likely to get Alzheimer’s disease, which makes it difficult for them to remember the recommended measures to prevent infection.
COVID-19 disease affects the lungs, so you are more likely to have serious symptoms if you already have lung problems such as:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Lung cancer
- Cystic fibrosis
- Lung fibrosis
- Moderate to severe asthma
Although some medications for these lung problems can weaken your immune system, it is important to continue with maintenance medications to keep your symptoms under control as much as possible. You may want to talk to your doctor about emergency prescription medications, such as an asthma inhaler.
It can also help you to avoid asthma worsen things. These asthma stimulators can differ from person to person. Examples include tobacco smoke, mites, pollen, and cold air. In certain people, stress and strong emotions can activate asthma attacks. Other people have a strong odor, so be careful that the disinfectant you use does not cause asthma.
Besides, stimulating asthma, smoking, or smoking e-cigarettes (Vaping) can damage the lungs and block the immune system, increasing the risk of serious complications with COVID-19.
Several types of heart disease can increase the chances of developing serious COVID-19 symptoms these includes:
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Congenital heart disease
- Heart failure
- Coronary heart disease
As prescribed by your doctor take the medicines continuously. You may be at higher risk if you have high blood pressure. So control your blood pressure and take your medication as prescribed.
Diabetes and Obesity
Type 1 or type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of acute COVID-19 symptoms. This risk increases if you are overweight, or severely obese.
Both obesity and diabetes reduce the effectiveness of a person’s immune system. Diabetes generally increases the risk of infections. By controlling your blood sugar level this risk can be reduced, and continuing to take your sugar and insulin medicines. If you are obese or overweight, try to lose weight by following a healthy diet and regular physical activity.
Weak Immune System
A healthy immune system fights pathogenic germs. However, several conditions and treatments can weaken a person’s immune system that includes:
- Transplantation of organs
- Cancer treatment
- Bone marrow transplantation
- Prednisone or similar drugs long-term use that weakens the immune system
You need to take extra precautions if you have a weakened immune system, to avoid the virus that causes COVID-19 disease. Regular medical appointments can be postponed or taken by phone or via video conference. You can ask for the medicine to be sent to you so you don’t have to go to the pharmacy.
Chronic Liver or Kidney Disease
The immune system can be weakened by the chronic liver or kidney illness, which can increase the risk of serious COVID-19 disease. In addition, if you have severe symptoms of COVID-19 and are taking medications to treat the disease, you may have adverse effects on your liver.
If you are using dialysis for chronic kidney disease, go to all dialysis appointments. Tell your doctor if you feel unwell.
In general lung infection is more likely to develop in people with Down syndrome. So they are especially susceptible to COVID-19. There is also an increased risk of developing many health problems that are already associated to develop acute COVID-19 symptoms, including obesity, heart disease, sleep apnea, and diabetes.
Many people having Down syndrome live in nursing homes, where it is more difficult to avoid germ exposure from residents and other staff. Often Down syndrome affects intellectual abilities, so it will be harder for these people to follow preventative measures.
How to Protect Yourself?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the emergency use of certain vaccines against COVID-19 in the United States. The vaccine may prevent you from receiving COVID-19 or from becoming seriously ill due to the disease.
To reduce the infection risk you can take additional steps. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend implementing these measures to avoid COVID-19.
- Avoid large gatherings.
- Avoid close contact (keep distance from others).
- Keep away from the people who are ill.
- Stay home as much as possible.
- Frequently wash your hands at least for 20 seconds with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- In indoor public spaces and outdoors wear a facemask as there is a high risk of Covid-19 transmission.
- When you sneeze or cough cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow
- Doorknobs, counters, light switches, etc like high-touching surfaces should be cleaned and disinfected daily.
- Stay home and don’t go to school or work if you feel ill until you are going to get medical care.